What Makes Chardonnay Taste like Chardonnay?

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Are you a fan of buttery, oaky Chardonnays? Are you a fan of more subdued Chardonnays? Do you steer clear of Chardonnays altogether, because you don’t like the heavy butter, oak flavors?

Truth be told, Chardonnay comes in many shapes and sizes, from butter/oak bombs to crisp, clean, fruity wines. It’s helpful – and a lot of fun – to try a broad range of Chardonnays and decide which styles suit you best.

Why so many styles?

The Chardonnay grape is neutral. Think of it as the tofu of grapes. It gets a lot of its character from non-grape factors such as terroir (the environment where the grapes were grown), oak, and wine-making methods.

Terroir

All wines are influenced by the grapes’ growing environment. Because Chardonnay is such a neutral grape, terroir probably plays a more significant role in this grape’s (and wine’s) ultimate character. For example, if the grapes are grown in sandy soil, where water retention is challenging, the fruit will struggle to find water and develop a lot of complexity. If the grapes are grown in clay soil, where water retention is better, the grapes will be less complex. If the soil has iron deposits, the grapes will have a lot of minerality.

Oak

Oak can be introduced during fermentation, during aging, or not at all. If wine makers use oak, they can choose new or neutral barrels, lightly charred or heavily charred barrels, and small or large barrels.

All of these decisions influence whether the wine has no, some or pronounced notes of vanilla, cream, caramel, smoke, butter and toastiness. These flavors come from the wood, not from the grape itself.

If the wine maker elects to use no oak (all stainless), the wine will have none of the oak-influenced notes. Unoaked Chardonnays will be crisper, lighter in body, fruitier and less complex than their oaked relatives.

Wine-making methods

Wine makers who want creaminess in their Chardonnay will make sure the juice goes through malolactic fermentation (or MLF), where the harder malic acid gets converted into softer lactic acid, producing creamy, buttery notes.

Wine makers will also choose whether to keep the aging wine on the lees, or dead yeast, and whether to stir the lees. These processes enhance the structure and mouthfeel of the wine, giving it extra body and complexity.

Wine makers also use fermentation temperatures to influence the ultimate wine’s character. Colder fermentation temperatures produce more tropical fruit flavors such as pineapple and mango.

Because Chardonnay is so malleable, you can end up with a wide array of styles. Please let us know what styles you prefer.

Cheers!

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This entry was posted in Chardonnay, Varietals, Wine 101 and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

12 Responses to What Makes Chardonnay Taste like Chardonnay?

  1. Chrystal says:

    Oooh i love a buttery, creamy, oak-ey Chardonnay. I had NO idea the chardonnay grape was so neutral. So interesting. I always learn something when I read your wine blog, Betty.
    I am going to forward this to some of my friends – we sometimes keep the chardonnay wine makers in business!

    • BettyKaufman says:

      I used to love the butter-oak bombs. These days I’m leaning more towards the lightly oaked ones, because I find that they go better with more dishes. I love the analogy of Chardonnay being like tofu. It means that wine makers can really go to town making their Chardonnays taste like whatever they want :-)

  2. Steve Ludwigs says:

    Great, informative post Betty! I’ve wondered for a long time how to describe the type of Chardonnay that I like and now I know. I’m an unoaked fan. I prefer a crisp, slightly acidic variety over a creamy, buttery one.

    Always appreciate the great wine info I learn from you!

    • BettyKaufman says:

      The crisper, lighter ones are definitely more food friendly. I have a feeling you prefer Sauvignon Blanc to Chardonnay. Is that true? I find that many unoaked Chardonnays can pass as Sauvignon Blancs :-)

  3. Sandra Limbach says:

    Love butter and cream but not the oak. Deffinately love the lighter varieties..

  4. Alexandra says:

    Betty, thank you so much for all the excellent advice! I was not aware of what makes a Chardonnay taste the way it does, and your article has really opened my eyes. It makes me want to be a wine maker some day. In the meantime, please keep up the wonderful, educational posts!

  5. ZLATKO MATENDA says:

    Hi Betty,
    I know some things about wine but today I have learned from you things about Chardonnay I never new, and always wanted to know.
    Thank you,
    Zlatko

  6. Herman says:

    I Love the creamy, buttery oak Chardonnays even if they are heavily wooded can you please advise where I can buy/find this style of Chardonnay.
    Thanks,
    Herman

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